Fraud Blocker

What are the symptoms of teething in babies?

Bebeklerde Dis Cikarma Belirtileri Nelerdir

Babies’ teething process is often a challenging one. During this period, their gums become sensitive and swollen. Hormonal effects soften the gums, making it easier for the teeth to emerge. However, this can also cause pain in babies because the tissue under the gums gradually wears down, increasing sensitivity. Especially during this time, the baby’s discomfort can be worrying for parents. Therefore, being aware of teething symptoms can be very helpful for parents. These symptoms typically manifest as crying episodes, drooling, and redness in the gums.

Timing of Babies’ Teething

Babies generally start teething around the sixth month. This process can vary, with some babies starting to teeth at earlier ages and others a bit later. Every baby has its own natural development schedule, so there is no need to worry about the timing of your baby’s teething. To understand when the teething process begins, parents can look out for the following signs:

  • Increased drooling
  • Redness and swelling in the gums
  • Need to chew on objects
  • Restlessness and crying episodes
  • Slight fever

These signs indicate that your baby’s teething process has begun.

How Long Does the Teething Process Last?

The teething process in babies shows individual differences. Generally, the first teeth appear around the sixth month. This process can start earlier or later in some babies. The teething period usually lasts until about three years of age. First, the front teeth emerge, followed by the lateral teeth and molars in sequence.

  • The first baby teeth typically appear between 6-12 months.
  • Molars are usually seen between 13-19 months.

Each new tooth eruption creates temporary sensitivity in the gums. This sensitivity begins to decrease a few days after the tooth emerges. However, this process is repeated for each tooth, so the teething phase can sometimes be uncomfortable for babies throughout their first three years. Babies’ reactions during this period may vary.

Symptoms Observed During the Teething Process

The teething process in babies manifests through various physical symptoms. During this period, babies often feel discomfort due to changes in their gums. Hormonal changes soften the gums, and as the teeth surface, the symptoms become more noticeable. These symptoms include:

  • Swelling and sensitivity in the gums
  • General restlessness and increased crying episodes
  • Slight fever (below 38°C)
  • Need to bite or chew on hard objects
  • Excessive drooling, which can cause rashes on the face
  • Mild cough
  • Tendency to rub their cheeks or pull their ears
  • Frequently putting their hands in their mouth
  • Changes in eating and sleeping patterns

When parents notice these symptoms, they should understand that the baby’s teething process has started. However, it is important to note that symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, high fever, and severe cough are not among the teething symptoms. In such cases, a healthcare professional should be consulted immediately. Similarly, if there is bleeding in the gums or abnormal conditions like pus and swelling on the face, a doctor’s advice should be sought.

Teething Symptoms in Babies: Fever, Gum Problems, and Rashes

The teething process in babies manifests through various physical symptoms. Initially, teething fever may be observed. In this case, the baby’s body temperature can range between 37.7 and 38°C. If the fever rises further, it could indicate another health issue independent of teething. Therefore, a doctor’s examination is essential in case of high fever. Redness and swelling in the gums are also common symptoms. As the teeth try to surface, the gums stretch, causing temporary discomfort.

Additionally, increased saliva production is observed during teething:

  • This can lead to skin irritation and subsequent rashes.
  • Rashes are usually seen on the cheeks, chin, and chest area.

Parents should regularly clean the baby’s face and chest to alleviate these rashes. This simple measure can prevent further skin irritation and increase the baby’s comfort. Each symptom is considered a natural part of the teething process and can generally be managed without serious health issues. Being patient and taking necessary precautions provide great benefits to parents.

Differences Between Teething and Ear Infections

The similar symptoms of teething and ear infections in babies often cause confusion among parents. In both cases, babies usually become fussy and cry more. Touching their faces is a common behavior during these periods. Particularly, putting their hands in their mouths is considered a teething symptom. Additionally, changes in eating and sleeping patterns may occur.

However, babies with ear infections exhibit some symptoms not seen during the teething process:

  • High fever
  • Severe pain
  • Fluid discharge from the ear
  • Balance problems
  • Difficulty hearing or lack of response to sounds

These symptoms help distinguish an ear infection from teething and allow parents to make the correct diagnosis.

Stages of Teething

The teething process in babies generally begins with the appearance of the first lower front teeth. The lower front teeth start to emerge from the sixth month and are usually complete by the tenth month. Then, the upper front two teeth appear. These teeth may start to emerge from the eighth month and continue until the twelfth month.

  • First, the two front lower teeth emerge.
  • Then, the two front upper teeth appear.
  • The teeth next to the upper front teeth follow.
  • The teeth next to the lower front teeth emerge.
  • The first two molars appear both in the upper and lower jaw.

This process usually begins around 13 months and can continue until 19 months in babies. By the end of the teething stages, babies will have 20 primary teeth in their mouths. When the baby reaches three years old, all the primary teeth will have emerged. Being aware of this process allows parents to better respond to their babies’ needs.

How to Comfort Your Baby During Teething

There are various methods to relieve your baby’s pain and discomfort during teething. The pain and sensitivity in the gums are natural parts of the teething process. However, some simple measures can help your baby feel more comfortable.

First of all, cold applications are very effective for your baby. Cold can reduce blood flow in the gums, alleviating pain and inflammation. For this, you can offer your baby:

  • Cooled teething rings,
  • Cold spoons,
  • Clean and moist cold cloths.

It is important to keep these items clean. Make sure to wash and disinfect them after your baby has put them in their mouth.

You should be cautious with teething gels. Gels applied directly to your baby’s gums often lose their effect quickly and can cause unwanted side effects. It is especially important to avoid products containing benzocaine. These products are not recommended for children under two years of age by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States.

Painkillers can provide temporary relief for your baby. Medications containing acetaminophen are suitable for babies aged two months and older. Always consult a healthcare professional before using these medications and follow their recommendations.

Moreover, some foods can also provide natural relief. If your baby is eating solid foods, you can give them cold applesauce or yogurt. These foods are both nutritious and cold, which has a soothing effect on the gums.

Natural Pain Relievers During Teething

Teething can be an uncomfortable process for babies. Natural methods are often preferred to relieve pain during this period. Cold treatment applied to babies’ gums is one of the most common methods. Cold can temporarily numb the pain by creating a cooling effect on the gums. Parents can use various natural solutions to soothe their baby’s gums:

  • Cold cloths: Wet a clean cloth, tie it into a knot, and cool it in the refrigerator.
  • Pacifier: Cool your baby’s pacifier to reduce gum pain.
  • Massage: Gently massage your baby’s gums in circular motions.

Drinking cold water can also soothe the gums, especially for babies over six months. Cold water applies slight pressure to the gums, reducing pain. However, care should be taken when using natural solutions. For example, gel-filled teething rings may harden in the freezer and

become unsuitable for babies. Such products should be avoided for the safety of the baby.

Additionally, babies often want to nurse more frequently during the teething process. Breastfed babies may prefer to be nursed more often during this period. To make the nursing process more comfortable, parents can use some natural methods. For example, before breastfeeding, parents can dip their fingers in cold water. This method gently massages the gums, providing relief.

These suggestions can help your baby have a more comfortable teething period. However, it is important to consult a pediatrician before trying any method.

Teething Treatment Methods to Avoid

While some methods are preferred to relieve the pain of teething in babies, parents need to be cautious. Certain products pose safety concerns. Therefore, the following products are recommended to be avoided:

  • Liquid-filled teething rings: These products carry the risk of tearing and the leaking fluid may pose a health threat to the baby.
  • Products made from breakable materials: Teething rings made from materials such as plastic can pose a choking hazard.
  • Teething rings containing lead: Products containing harmful substances should be avoided.
  • Fully frozen products: These products can be too hard for the baby’s mouth and cause harm.
  • Teething gels and medications: Excessive use of these products carries a risk of ingestion and can numb the tongue and throat, which can be dangerous.
  • Homeopathic teething tablets: These tablets, containing dangerous ingredients such as belladonna, can cause breathing problems and seizures.
  • Teething necklaces: These necklaces pose a choking hazard and can break easily. Claims that amber releases pain-relieving properties when warmed are unproven.

There are concerns about the safety of these products, and parents are advised to seek safer and approved alternatives.

How to Care for Your Baby’s New Teeth

Caring for your baby’s teeth is important from the beginning of the teething process. When the first teeth start to appear, oral hygiene should be given more attention. Initially, the gums should be cleaned regularly. The baby’s gums should be gently wiped with a damp cloth at least once a day. This provides relief during the teething process and prevents bacterial buildup.

When the teeth begin to emerge, the cleaning routine should be enhanced. The baby’s mouth should be cleaned carefully after meals. This helps remove food particles and prevent potential cavities.

  • Once the teeth emerge, the cleaning frequency should be increased to at least twice a day.
  • The baby’s teeth should be brushed with a small amount of fluoride-free toothpaste.
  • A soft-bristled toothbrush can be used for the baby’s teeth from the first birthday onward.
  • Additionally, the use of dental floss can be introduced.

Finally, it is recommended to visit a pediatric dentist when the child’s first tooth appears or by the first birthday. A professional evaluation greatly contributes to maintaining your baby’s dental health.

Appropriate Times for Visiting the Dentist

The teething process in babies can be a concern for many parents. Professional help may be needed in some situations during this process. It is first recommended to visit a dentist for an initial check-up when your baby turns one year old. This early period helps prevent potential dental problems. Additionally, if you observe abnormal redness, swelling, or bleeding in your baby’s gums, it is important to consult a dentist.

  • If your baby shows symptoms affecting their overall health, such as a high fever
  • If there is severe redness or swelling in the gums
  • If there are crying episodes outside the teething period

These symptoms may indicate health problems beyond the teething process. Therefore, if these situations are observed, it is beneficial to consult a healthcare professional without delay. Especially in cases of emergency intervention, such as damage to the mouth or teeth from a fall, the dentist should evaluate the situation immediately.

Potential Risks of Homeopathic Teething Tablets and What to Do in an Emergency

In 2017, the FDA issued warnings about the safety of some homeopathic teething tablets. The plant belladonna used in these tablets can be extremely toxic. Studies have shown inconsistent amounts of belladonna in these products, which has led to serious health issues in some babies. If your child has been given such products and shows any of the following symptoms, immediate medical intervention may be necessary:

  • Seizures
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Muscle weakness
  • Skin redness
  • Drowsiness or excessive sleepiness
  • Excessive agitation
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Constipation

These symptoms may indicate belladonna poisoning. Parents should seek emergency medical assistance if they observe these symptoms in their child. Caution should be exercised with products containing belladonna, and it is advisable to seek alternative treatment methods.